Gender transition is an empowering journey that can also be physically and emotionally demanding. Many individuals experience burnout during this process, which can be attributed in part to the effects of chronic stress on the autonomic nervous system (ANS).
Burnout is not just a mental state or temporary fatigue. It is a result of prolonged exposure to stress that can have lasting effects on both the mind and body. Chronic stress signals the brain to activate the adrenal glands, heart, and nervous system, leading to increased blood pressure and heart rate to cope. In this post, we will focus on how gender transition burnout affects the ANS and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA axis) of the brain.
Before we dive into the topic, let’s briefly review the two main parts of the nervous system. The central nervous system (CNS) consists of the brain and spinal cord, while the peripheral nervous system (PNS) is made up of nerves that extend from the spinal cord to all parts of the body. The ANS is an essential component of both the CNS and PNS, controlling the glands and smooth muscles of all the internal organs in our bodies.
The ANS is responsible for regulating many of our body’s automatic functions, such as heart rate, digestion, and breathing. It is divided into two branches: the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) and the parasympathetic nervous system (PNS). The SNS prepares the body to deal with stress or danger, activating the “fight or flight” response, while the PNS promotes relaxation and recovery, initiating the “rest and digest” response.
However, during times of chronic stress, the SNS is often overactivated, which diverts the body’s resources toward dealing with stress rather than recovery and repair. This can lead to a range of physical and psychological symptoms, including fatigue, anxiety, and depression.
In the context of gender transition, chronic stress can arise from a variety of sources, such as social isolation, discrimination, and the physical and emotional demands of the transition process itself. This chronic stress can lead to burnout, characterized by a sense of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and reduced personal accomplishment.
Seeking support from a mental health professional who specializes in gender-affirming counselling can help individuals develop strategies to cope with stress and prevent burnout. By taking care of both their physical and emotional well-being, individuals can navigate the transition process with greater resilience and ease.
The ANS is further divided into three subparts: the Parasympathetic Nervous System (PSNS), responsible for rest and recovery; the Sympathetic Nervous System (SNS), which activates the body’s “fight or flight” response; and the Enteric Nervous System (ENS), involved in digestion.
During burnout syndrome, the PSNS becomes overtaxed and begins to fail. This is due to constant demands on the mind and body, combined with a lack of rest and reward signals, which prolong the activities of the SNS, leading to hyperarousal. Eventually, the hyperaroused HPA axis and SNS become exhausted, depleting and exhausting the central nervous system. The ANS can no longer maintain normal functions, leading to changes in how the body’s organs respond to stress and recover.
In this state, individuals may find themselves becoming easily agitated or enraged when coping with otherwise manageable stressors. If left unaddressed, this chronic stress response can become a permanent state, causing the PSNS to stay activated and leaving individuals feeling stuck in a cycle of heightened arousal, without feeling grounded or supported.
The strain of burnout can trickle into everyday life, making it difficult to find energy or enjoyment in activities that were once pleasurable. Seeking support through a mind+body recovery program can help individuals work towards a place of rest and recovery, fully prepared to take on the challenges of gender transition.
Symptoms of burnout syndrome include persistent sleep problems, fatigue, lack of memory or concentration, and deterioration of basic emotional regulation. Recognizing these signs and seeking deep rest are the first steps towards recovery. Through proper guidance and support, individuals can learn to harness the skills necessary to return to their window of tolerance and begin to feel more like themselves again.
In the next blog post, we’ll discuss ways to slow down and rest during gender transition burnout, and what steps individuals can take to start their journey back to balance.
Disclaimer: As a registered clinical counsellor and registered psychotherapist (qualifying), I'm sharing insights on my blog for informational purposes, not professional advice or treatment. My writing aims to inspire you to consult your own healthcare or mental health provider. Remember, your decisions based on the blog content are solely your responsibility. Please explore other resources if this understanding doesn't align with your expectations. Thank you.